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What is INDUS-X and its importance between India-US

In this article we discuss in detail the INDUS-X between India-US, iCET dialogue and other important aspects of the subject from the perspective of UPSC, SSC CGL and other competitive exams. 

India-United States Defence Acceleration Ecosystem (INDUS X) was launched at an event in Washington DC, USA on 21 June 2023. India-US INDUS X to enhance defence collaboration and innovation. The INDUS X event was co-organised by Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX), Ministry of Defence, and US Department of Defence (DoD) and hosted by US-India Business Council (USIBC).  

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Anurag Bajpai, Joint Secretary (Defence Industries Promotion), MoD, led the Indian delegation in the two-day INDUS-X event on 20-21 June 2023.

What is INDUS-X and its importance between India-US

Table of Contents 👇

   1. What is INDUS X
   2. INDUS-X under iCET
   3. INDUS-X: Aims
   4. INDUS-X factsheet
   5. Background

What is INDUS X

India-United States Defence Acceleration Ecosystem (INDUS X) is a joint initiative of the United States and India. Under this initiative, both the countries will cooperate in the co-production of jet engines, infantry fighting vehicles and long-range artillery.

According to the US-India Business Council (USIBC), INDUS-X (India-United States Defence Acceleration Ecosystem) will further promote a culture of co-development and co-production between startup companies of the two countries. The INDUS-X to boost India-US defence ties. 

INDUS-X under iCET

Critical and Emerging Technologies (iCET) serves as a broad framework for cooperation between India and the US in the important and emerging science and technology sectors.

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The main objective of iCET is to follow the respective powers of both the countries to drive innovation, economic development and national security. 

The Indus-X under iCET represents a significant step towards strengthening the defence relationship between India and the US. These initiatives create opportunities for science and technology transfer, job creation and progress in the defense sectors of both the countries.


INDUS-X aims to enhance the strategic and defence partnership between India and the US. It also aims to foster partnership between the defence innovation ecosystem in both the countries.

INDUS X factsheet

INDUS X factsheet released for operationalising the ‘Defence Innovation Bridge’ under Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies (iCET).

Launch of Joint Challenges: US Department of Defence (DoD) and India Ministry of Defence (MoD), in collaboration with external stakeholders, will explore joint challenges for U.S. and Indian start-ups that leverage common dual-use cases for both countries.

Indo-US Joint Innovation Fund: IndiaSpora, IndUS Tech Council, Forge/Coimbatore, and T-Hub/ Hyderabad will engage private investors to garner support for investment in defence and dual-use start- ups. DoD and MoD also intend to explore options (e.g., public-private partnership) for a fund to support deep-tech defence start-ups.

Partnerships with Academic Institutions: Pennsylvania State University, IIT Madras, and IIT Kanpur have expressed their intent to lead best practice workshops with Indian and American universities and accelerator partners, such as labs, Technology Hub (T-HUB), IITs, and Hacking for India, to exchange best practices in defence innovation, fielding, and commercialization.

Innovation, Testing, and Certification Labs: DoD and MoD intend to explore pathways for start-ups to access each other’s respective research and development (R&D) centres and innovation labs to support start-up collaboration. INDUS-X stakeholders also intend to identify opportunities for enhanced testing and certification capacity in India and the United States.

Senior Advisory Group: A Senior Advisor Group (SAG) will assess the progress of the collaboration agenda and make recommendations to the defence establishments and other INDUS-X stakeholders for future work. The United States Institute of Peace (USIP), Carnegie India, USIBC, the U.S.-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF), and the Society of Indian Defense Manufacturers (SIDM) will convene follow-on programming to drive implementation of the collaboration agenda and identify barriers to implementation for the SAG’s consideration.

INDUS-X: Background

The preliminary discussions regarding the launch of the INDUS-X initiative between India and the US began in June 2021. It was an initiative of the US-India Business Council (USIBC), aimed at advancing cutting-edge technology collaboration.

The INDUS-X initiative builds on a commitment by the US and Indian National Security Advisors in January 2023 to launch an “Innovation Bridge” to connect US and Indian defence start-ups as part of the U.S.-India initiative on Critical and Emerging Technology (iCET). India’s Innovations for Defense Excellence (iDEX) and the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) are leading INDUS-X activities for MoD and DoD, respectively.

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